The Greenspan Floortime Approach is a system developed by the late Dr. Stanley Greenspan. This approach meets children where they are and builds upon their strengths and abilities through creating a warm interactive relationship. It challenges them to go further and to develop at a comfortable rate.
At Exceptional Speech Therapy, we follow your child’s lead by entering your child’s world; challenge them to be creative and spontaneous; and expand their interactions to include all or most of their senses and motor skills as well as different emotions.
Dr. Greenspan developed Floortime for families to enable them to support their child’s development. Floortime is both an intervention approach for children with special needs and as a general support for healthy child development.
This approach was developed by Debra Beckman, MS, CCC-SLP, who has been practicing since 1975. This protocol is a way to evaluate and treat weakness (hypotonicity) throughout the oral-facial structures.
The Beckman Oral Motor Protocol is an intervention that utilizes assisted movement and stretch reflexes to activate muscle contraction, build strength and improve range of motion in the lips, jaw, tongue and soft palate. It assesses the response to pressure, movement, range, and strength, and variety and control of movement.
This approach is even beneficial for children that can not follow verbal commands due to motor planning difficulties and/or cognitive deficits. This can also be used with infants as a highly effective tool for improving oral motor skills to support feeding and speech development.
The Beckman Oral Motor Intervention can be used to facilitate both speech production and feeding skills. Issues such as tooth grinding, drooling and hyper/hyposensitivity may also be addressed by the Beckman protocol. Techniques that are used are performed in a playful, gentle manner, so that all children feel respected.
This approach is a transdisciplinary program designed to assess and address the reasons why a child is struggling to eat. It takes into account several factors including organs, muscles, sensory, learning,
The Sequential Oral Sensory Approach to Feeding (The SOS Approach) is a transdisciplinary program designed to assess and address the reasons why a child is struggling to eat. This approach takes into account several factors including organs, muscles, sensory, learning, development, nutrition, and environment.
The SOS approach uses a whole child perspective, integrating sensory, motor, oral-motor, behavioral/learning, medical, and nutritional factors for both assessment and intervention, resulting in strategies to comprehensively evaluate and manage children with feeding/growth problems. Success is determined by (a) intrinsically motivated and sustained interest in trying new foods, (b) enjoyment in and appropriate skills for eating and drinking a wide range of age-appropriate foods and fluids; (c) consumption of sufficient calories for optimal growth along a child’s own percentile line on a growth curve, and (d) improved family understanding and functioning during mealtimes for the development of healthy relationships with food and each other.
This approach is a tactile-kinesthetic approach to speech therapy involving the speech-language pathologist using touch cues on your child’s face in order to support and shape correct movement of articulators
The Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol (K-SLP), created by Nancy R. Kaufman, MA, CCC-SLP, is an evidenced-based evaluation and treatment method for children with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), other speech sound disorders, and expressive language difficulties.
The K-SLP focuses upon the child’s speech-motor coordination including shaping consonants, shaping vowels and shaping syllable structures. The K-SLP is integrates teaching strategies from applied behavior analysis and principles of motor learning, corresponds with the latest research in CAS, neuroscience, sensory-motor development, and early language development.
Sensory Integration is the ability for our body to organize the sensory information that it receives in order to appropriately and efficiently respond to everyday ordinary situations in natural environments.
Sensory Integration is the ability for our body to organize the sensory information that it receives in order to appropriately and efficiently respond to everyday ordinary situations in natural environments. Currently, we acknowledge, the following senses: vision, smell, taste, hearing, touch, vestibular sense, proprioception, and interoception.
As occupational therapists we emphasize the importance of using a sensory integration approach due to the significance it has on developmental, cognitive, academic, and emotional growth. Sensory Integration provides children with the ability to regulate themselves for the purpose of demonstrating calm and adaptive behaviors. If calming behaviors are achieved, the ability to attend, concentrate, respond appropriately, and to engage in age-appropriate functional activities increases. When adaptive responses are accomplished, children successfully overcome some of the internal and/or external challenges experienced.
Common difficulties experienced in natural environments may include:
Clumsiness and poor postural control
Difficulty remaining calm: constantly running, touching objects, and jumping with no apparent purpose
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