Speech therapy is an intervention service that focuses on improving a child’s speech skills, and understanding and/or expressing language skills including nonverbal language. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs), are the professionals who provide these services.
Speech therapy includes five main components. These areas include morphology/words (the structure of words and the construction of word forms), phonology/sounds (the sound system of a language), semantics/vocabulary (the system that governs word meanings), syntax/grammar (the order and combination of words to form sentences), and pragmatics/social skills (using language functionally and socially). Additionally, speech therapy also includes the assessment and treatment of feeding/swallowing disorders.